stony (Heb. marg. "Amanah," perennial), the chief river of Damascus (2 Kings 5:12). Its modern name is Barada, the Chrysorrhoas, or "golden stream," of the Greeks. It rises in a cleft of the Anti-Lebanon range, about 23 miles north-west of Damascus, and after flowing southward for a little way parts into three smaller streams, the central one flowing through Damascus, and the other two on each side of the city, diffusing beauty and fertility where otherwise there would be barrenness.
In Damascus they think there are no such rivers in all the world as their little abana and Pharpar.
For above the landlady's exposition rose the probationer's voice: "abana and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus."
The River abana, which runs through the city, was choked with dead horses and Turks for ten days.
The venerable city, made possible and beautiful by the waters of the abana, has survived many sacks and slaughters.
We have reached the abana, the river which all the ages has flowed down to Damascus with its gift of eternal youth.
Another mode of irrigation, however, is adopted in places where the abana cannot be reached.
Men prefer their own abana and Pharpar to the little river rushing in desolate places.
abana and Pharpar may be broad, and deep, and blue, and grand; but only in Jordan shall your soul wash and be clean.
There is no uncertainty about the river abana, and another river near Damascus known as Pharpar.
It is the principal source of the abana river—only one-half mile down to where it joins.