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abjure

[ab-joo r, -jur]
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verb (used with object), ab·jured, ab·jur·ing.
  1. to renounce, repudiate, or retract, especially with formal solemnity; recant: to abjure one's errors.
  2. to renounce or give up under oath; forswear: to abjure allegiance.
  3. to avoid or shun.

Origin of abjure

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin abjūrāre to deny on oath, equivalent to ab- ab- + jūrāre to swear; see jury1
Related formsab·jur·a·to·ry, adjectiveab·jur·er, nounnon·ab·jur·a·to·ry, adjectiveun·ab·jur·a·to·ry, adjectiveun·ab·jured, adjective
Can be confusedabjure adjure
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for abjure

abjure

verb (tr)
  1. to renounce or retract, esp formally, solemnly, or under oath
  2. to abstain from or reject
Derived Formsabjuration, nounabjurer, noun

Word Origin

C15: from Old French abjurer or Latin abjurāre to deny on oath
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abjure

v.

early 15c., from Middle French abjurer or directly from Latin abiurare "deny on oath," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + iurare "to swear," related to ius (genitive iuris) "law" (see jurist). Related: Abjured; abjuring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper