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ablative absolute

noun, Latin Grammar.
a construction not dependent upon any other part of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, in which both members are in the ablative case, as Latin viā factā, “the road having been made.”.
Origin of ablative absolute
First recorded in 1520-30 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for ablative absolute
Historical Examples
  • To-night I have a pressing engagement with the ablative absolute.

    Daddy Long-Legs Jean Webster
  • Try to remember, Quinlan, what I told you about the use of the ablative absolute.

    Short Sixes H. C. Bunner
  • Zamenhof states that the "ablative absolute" does not exist in Esperanto, as its use would be against the spirit of the language.

  • Adverbial enlargements of Predicate (though an ablative absolute must generally stand first).

  • A very stiff adaptation of the ablative absolute of the original, 'conventione autem facta cum operariis.'

    Anglo-Saxon Primer

    Henry Sweet
  • Finding an ablative absolute, they are confident of finding some sort of proposition: and there it is, to their hand.

    Household Education Harriet Martineau
  • As for the ablative absolute, its reconstruction and regeneration have been the inspiring principle of my studious manhood.

    Average Jones Samuel Hopkins Adams
  • The first three lines might have been expressed by an ablative absolute in two words—Troia euersa.

  • This he remembered had interrupted the silent rehearsal of the sentence with the ablative absolute in it.

    Princeton Stories Jesse Lynch Williams
  • The ablative absolute is grammatically independent of the rest of the sentence.

    New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett
British Dictionary definitions for ablative absolute

ablative absolute

an absolute construction in Latin grammar in which a governor noun and a modifier in the ablative case function as a sentence modifier; for example, hostibus victis, "the enemy having been beaten"
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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