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abolish

[uh-bol-ish]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to do away with; put an end to; annul; make void: to abolish slavery.

Origin of abolish

1425–75; late Middle English < Middle French aboliss-, long stem of abolir < Latin abolēre to destroy, efface, put an end to; change of conjugation perhaps by association with Latin abolitiō abolition
Related formsa·bol·ish·a·ble, adjectivea·bol·ish·er, nouna·bol·ish·ment, nounun·a·bol·ish·a·ble, adjectiveun·a·bol·ished, adjectivewell-a·bol·ished, adjective

Synonyms

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suppress, nullify, cancel; annihilate, obliterate, extinguish; exterminate, extirpate, eliminate.

Synonym study

Abolish, eradicate, stamp out mean to do away completely with something. To abolish is to cause to cease, often by a summary order: to abolish a requirement. Stamp out implies forcibly making an end to something considered undesirable or harmful: to stamp out the opium traffic. Eradicate (literally, to tear out by the roots ), a formal word, suggests extirpation, leaving no vestige or trace: to eradicate all use of child labor.

Antonyms

establish.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for abolish

abolish

verb
  1. (tr) to do away with (laws, regulations, customs, etc); put an end to
Derived Formsabolishable, adjectiveabolisher, nounabolishment, noun

Word Origin

C15: from Old French aboliss- (lengthened stem of abolir), ultimately from Latin abolēre to destroy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abolish

v.

mid-15c., from Middle French aboliss-, present participle stem of abolir "to abolish" (15c.), from Latin abolere "destroy, cause to die out, retard the growth of," perhaps from ab- "from" (see ab-) + adolere "to grow," from PIE *ol-eye-, causative of root *al- "to grow, nourish" (see old), and perhaps formed as an antonym to adolere. But the Latin word rather could be from a root in common with Greek ollymi, apollymi "destroy." Tucker writes that there has been a confusion of forms in Latin, based on similar roots, one meaning "to grow," the other "to destroy." Application to persons and concrete objects has long been obsolete. Related: Abolished; abolishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper