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abridge

[uh-brij]
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verb (used with object), a·bridged, a·bridg·ing.
  1. to shorten by omissions while retaining the basic contents: to abridge a reference book.
  2. to reduce or lessen in duration, scope, authority, etc.; diminish; curtail: to abridge a visit; to abridge one's freedom.
  3. to deprive; cut off.

Origin of abridge

1350–1400; Middle English abreggen, abriggen < Middle French abreg(i)er < Late Latin abbreviāre to shorten. See a-4, abbreviate
Related formsa·bridg·a·ble, a·bridge·a·ble, adjectivea·bridg·er, nounnon·a·bridg·a·ble, adjectivere·a·bridge, verb (used with object), re·a·bridged, re·a·bridg·ing.

Synonyms

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1. cut down; epitomize; condense, abstract, digest. See shorten. 2. contract, reduce. 3. divest.

Antonyms

1. lengthen. 2. expand.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for abridge

abridge

verb (tr)
  1. to reduce the length of (a written work) by condensing or rewriting
  2. to curtail; diminish
  3. archaic to deprive of (privileges, rights, etc)
Derived Formsabridgable or abridgeable, adjectiveabridger, noun

Word Origin

C14: via Old French abregier from Late Latin abbreviāre to shorten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abridge

v.

c.1300, abreggen, "to make shorter, to condense," from Old French abregier "abridge, diminish, shorten," from Late Latin abbreviare "make short" (see abbreviate). The sound development from Latin -vi- to French -dg- is paralleled in assuage (from assuavidare) and deluge (from diluvium). Related: Abridged; abridging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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