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abstemious

[ab-stee-mee-uh s]
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adjective
  1. sparing or moderate in eating and drinking; temperate in diet.
  2. characterized by abstinence: an abstemious life.
  3. sparing: an abstemious diet.

Origin of abstemious

1615–25; < Latin abstēmius, equivalent to abs- abs- + tēm- (base of tēmētum intoxicating drink) + -ius -ious
Related formsab·ste·mi·ous·ly, adverbab·ste·mi·ous·ness, nounnon·ab·ste·mi·ous, adjectivenon·ab·ste·mi·ous·ly, adverbnon·ab·ste·mi·ous·ness, nouno·ver·ab·ste·mi·ous, adjectiveo·ver·ab·ste·mi·ous·ly, adverbo·ver·ab·ste·mi·ous·ness, nounun·ab·ste·mi·ous, adjectiveun·ab·ste·mi·ous·ly, adverbun·ab·ste·mi·ous·ness, noun

Synonyms

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ascetic, abstinent, temperate, nonindulgent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for abstemiousness

Historical Examples

  • Oh, hang your abstemiousness; it is d——d unfriendly to eat so little!

    Paul Clifford, Complete

    Edward Bulwer-Lytton

  • Of true Puritan abstemiousness, his only indulgence was chewing tobacco.

    The Crisis, Complete

    Winston Churchill

  • His abstemiousness is remarkable, and he will not feed during the night.

    The Desert World

    Arthur Mangin

  • True, I've since made call at an hotel, but you don't give me credit for my abstemiousness!

    Gwen Wynn

    Mayne Reid

  • I feel that my abstemiousness, implying as it does a jaded palate and an aristocratic indigestion, is highly fashionable.

    Bizarre

    Lawton Mackall


British Dictionary definitions for abstemiousness

abstemious

adjective
  1. moderate or sparing, esp in the consumption of alcohol or food; temperate
Derived Formsabstemiously, adverbabstemiousness, noun

Word Origin

C17: from Latin abstēmius, from abs- ab- 1 + tēm-, from tēmētum intoxicating drink
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abstemiousness

abstemious

adj.

c.1600, from Latin abstemius "sober, temperate," from ab(s)- "from" (see ab-) + stem of temetum "strong drink," related to temulentus "drunken." Technically, of liquor, but extended in Latin to temperance in living generally. Related: Abstemiously; abstemiousness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper