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acetylcholine

[uh-seet-l-koh-leen, uh-set-, as-i-tl-]
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noun
  1. Biochemistry. the acetic acid ester of choline, C7H17NO3, released and hydrolyzed during nerve conduction and causing muscle action by transmitting nerve impulses across synapses.
  2. Pharmacology. this substance used in its chloride form in eye surgery. Abbreviation: ACh

Origin of acetylcholine

First recorded in 1905–10; acetyl + choline
Related formsa·ce·tyl·cho·lin·ic [uh-seet-l-koh-lin-ik, uh-set-, as-i-tl-] /əˌsit l koʊˈlɪn ɪk, əˌsɛt-, ˌæs ɪ tl-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for acetylcholine

Historical Examples

  • It inactivates an enzyme which controls the transmission of nerve impulses to muscle, acetylcholine esterase.

    Smithsonian Institution - United States National Museum - Bulletin 240

    Anonymous


British Dictionary definitions for acetylcholine

acetylcholine

noun
  1. a chemical substance secreted at the ends of many nerve fibres, esp in the autonomic nervous system, and responsible for the transmission of nervous impulses. Formula: CH 3 CO 2 (CH 2) 2 N (CH 3) 3 +
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

acetylcholine in Medicine

acetylcholine

(ə-sēt′l-kōlēn′)
n.
  1. A white crystalline derivative of choline that is released at the ends of nerve fibers in the somatic and parasympathetic nervous systems and is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses in the body.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

acetylcholine in Science

acetylcholine

[ə-sēt′l-kōlēn′]
  1. A substance that is released at the junction between neurons and skeletal muscle fibers, at the nerve endings of the parasympathetic nervous system, and across synapses in the central nervous system, where it acts as a neurotransmitter. Chemical formula: C7H16NO2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.