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adjunct

[aj-uhngkt] /ˈædʒ ʌŋkt/
noun
1.
something added to another thing but not essential to it.
2.
a person associated with lesser status, rank, authority, etc., in some duty or service; assistant.
3.
a person working at an institution, as a college or university, without having full or permanent status:
My lawyer works two nights a week as an adjunct, teaching business law at the college.
4.
Grammar. a modifying form, word, or phrase depending on some other form, word, or phrase, especially an element of clause structure with adverbial function.
adjective
5.
joined or associated, especially in an auxiliary or subordinate relationship.
6.
attached or belonging without full or permanent status:
an adjunct surgeon on the hospital staff.
Origin of adjunct
1580-1590
1580-90; < Latin adjunctus joined to (past participle of adjungere), equivalent to ad- ad- + jung- (nasal variant of jug- yoke1) + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
adjunctly, adverb
Synonyms
1. appendix, supplement. 2. aide, attaché.
Synonym Study
1. See addition.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for adjunct
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • What remains of the former cathedral is now an adjunct to a hotel.

  • When I get a photograph I treasure it as an adjunct to the sketch.

    Boy Scouts Handbook Boy Scouts of America
  • As an adjunct to class work, the travelling library is proposed.

    The Arena Various
  • Sails can sometimes be used with advantage on the komatik as an adjunct.

    A Labrador Doctor

    Wilfred Thomason Grenfell
  • If the adjunct is placed elsewhere, different considerations apply.

    "Stops"

    Paul Allardyce
British Dictionary definitions for adjunct

adjunct

/ˈædʒʌŋkt/
noun
1.
something incidental or not essential that is added to something else
2.
a person who is subordinate to another
3.
(grammar)
  1. part of a sentence other than the subject or the predicate
  2. (in systemic grammar) part of a sentence other than the subject, predicator, object, or complement; usually a prepositional or adverbial group
  3. part of a sentence that may be omitted without making the sentence ungrammatical; a modifier
4.
(logic) another name for accident (sense 4)
adjective
5.
added or connected in a secondary or subordinate position; auxiliary
Derived Forms
adjunctive (əˈdʒʌŋktɪv) adjective
adjunctly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere to adjoin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for adjunct
n.

1580s, from Latin adjunctus "closely connected, joined, united;" as a noun, "a characteristic, essential attribute," past participle of adjungere "join to" (see adjoin).

adj.

1590s, from Latin adjunctus "closely connected, joined, united," past participle of adjungere "join to" (see adjoin). Adjunct professor is 1826, American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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