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2017 Word of the Year

adjure

[uh-joo r] /əˈdʒʊər/
verb (used with object), adjured, adjuring.
1.
to charge, bind, or command earnestly and solemnly, often under oath or the threat of a penalty.
2.
to entreat or request earnestly or solemnly.
Origin of adjure
1350-1400
First recorded in 1350-1400; Middle English word from Latin word adjūrāre. See ad-, jury1
Related forms
adjuratory
[uh-joo r-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /əˈdʒʊər əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
adjurer, adjuror, noun
Can be confused
abjure, adjure.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for adjure
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Jeffrey had to adjure himself to keep awake to the difficulties he alone had made.

    The Prisoner Alice Brown
  • In my ancestor's name, I adjure and remind thee of thy pledge.

    Zanoni Edward Bulwer Lytton
  • I entreat you—I adjure you—to make this known wherever you can.

    Salt Water W. H. G. Kingston
  • I adjure you to hear me swear that I will have all the justice done to your memory that man can do!

    Rattlin the Reefer Edward Howard
  • I adjure you, Caroline, to lay this clearly before our dear brother.

    Evan Harrington, Complete George Meredith
  • My good woman, you have no cause to adjure me in that solemn manner.

  • The priests had resolved to go out and adjure the storm and the sea.

    From a Swedish Homestead Selma Lagerlf
  • adjure him to do nothing rash; and lend him your own wedding-ring, and weep.

    Cripps, the Carrier

    R. D. (Richard Doddridge) Blackmore
  • Oh, your Highness, I adjure you to refrain from being anointed.

British Dictionary definitions for adjure

adjure

/əˈdʒʊə/
verb (transitive)
1.
to command, often by exacting an oath; charge
2.
to appeal earnestly to
Derived Forms
adjuration (ˌædʒʊəˈreɪʃən) noun
adjuratory, adjective
adjurer, adjuror, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin adjūrāre to swear to, from ad- to + jūrāre to swear, from jūs oath
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for adjure
v.

late 14c., "to bind by oath; to question under oath," from Latin adiurare "confirm by oath, add an oath, to swear to in addition," in Late Latin "to put (someone) to an oath," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + iurare "swear," from ius (genitive iuris) "law" (see jurist). Related: Adjured; adjuring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
17
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