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[uh-gen, uh-geyn] /əˈgɛn, əˈgeɪn/
once more; another time; anew; in addition:
Will you spell your name again, please?
in an additional case or instance; moreover; besides; furthermore.
on the other hand:
It might happen, and again it might not.
back; in return; in reply:
to answer again.
to the same place or person:
to return again.
again and again, with frequent repetition; often:
They went over the same arguments again and again.
as much again, twice as much:
She earns as much again as I do.
Origin of again
before 900; Middle English agayn, ageyn, Old English ongegn opposite (to), equivalent to on on, in (see a-1) + gegn straight; cognate with Old High German ingagan, Old Norse igegn
Pronunciation note
By far the most common pronunciation of again, in all parts of the United States, is
[uh-gen] /əˈgɛn/ (Show IPA)
with the same vowel heard in yet and pep. The pronunciation
[uh-geyn] /əˈgeɪn/
rhyming with pain, occurs chiefly in the Atlantic states. Again said as
[uh-gin] /əˈgɪn/
with the vowel of pit or sip, or with a vowel somewhere between [e] /ɛ/ and [i] /ɪ/ is the common pronunciation in much of the South, where [e] /ɛ/ and [i] /ɪ/ tend to become neutralized, or more like one another, before [m] /m/ and [n] /n/ leading to a lack of noticeable distinction between such pairs as pen and pin, ten and tin. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for again
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • again he recurred to his early years, and talked fondly of his wife and children.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • When the soul was again led into the body, it related all that had happened to it.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • "I told him high altitudes and high livin' would do any man—" again he was silent.

    The Spenders Harry Leon Wilson
  • You see, Uncle Paul, you are growing old and forgetful, and might lock me in again.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • He shuddered as he thought how near he had been to never meeting them again on earth.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
British Dictionary definitions for again


/əˈɡɛn; əˈɡeɪn/
another or second time; once more; anew: he had to start again
once more in a previously experienced or encountered place, state, or condition: he is ill again, he came back again
in addition to the original amount, quantity, etc (esp in the phrases as much again; half as much again)
(sentence modifier) on the other hand: he might come and then again he might not
besides; also: she is beautiful and, again, intelligent
(archaic) in reply; back: he answered again to the questioning voice
again and again, continuously; repeatedly
(used with a negative) (Caribbean) any more; any longer: I don't eat pumpkin again
sentence connector
moreover; furthermore: again, it could be said that he is not dead
Word Origin
Old English ongegn opposite to, from a-² + gegn straight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for again

late Old English agan, from earlier ongean "toward, opposite, against, in exchange for," from on "on" (see on) + -gegn "against, toward," compounded for a sense of "lined up facing, opposite," and "in the opposite direction, returning." For -gegn, cf. Old Norse gegn "straight, direct;" Danish igen "against;" Old Frisian jen, Old High German gegin, German gegen "against, toward," entgegen "against, in opposition to."

In Old English, eft was the main word for "again" (see eftsoons), but this often was strengthened by ongean, which became the principal word by 13c. Norse influence is responsible for the hard -g-. Differentiated from against 16c. in southern writers, again becoming an adverb only, and against taking over as preposition and conjunction, but again clung to all senses in northern and Scottish dialect (where against was not adopted).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with again
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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