If there were no children, then the inheritance passed to the agnatic kindred, and in default of the latter, to the gentiles.
agnatic inheritance would be apt to assert itself in this condition of things.
Whether the wife forfeited her agnatic rights by her marriage, as among the Romans, I am unable to state.
The importance they attached to the agnatic family is largely explained by their ideas of the future life.
This practical limitation of the inheritance to the nearest gentile kin discloses the germ of agnatic inheritance.
As they understood it, the pater familis had absolute power over his children and other agnatic descendants.
The gens is to be found in Greek and Roman history, where it is known as the agnatic kindred.
Here again it will be convenient to employ the Roman terms, agnatic and Cognatic relationship.
The former case offends against the principle of agnatic organisation, the latter against the cognatic.
It shows that property was hereditary in the gens, but restricted to the agnatic kindred in the female line.