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2017 Word of the Year

agonized

[ag-uh-nahyzd] /ˈæg əˌnaɪzd/
adjective
1.
involving or accompanied by agony or severe struggle:
an agonized effort.
Origin of agonized
1575-1585
First recorded in 1575-85; agonize + -ed2
Related forms
agonizedly
[ag-uh-nahy-zid-lee] /ˈæg əˌnaɪ zɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb

agonize

[ag-uh-nahyz] /ˈæg əˌnaɪz/
verb (used without object), agonized, agonizing.
1.
to suffer extreme pain or anguish; be in agony.
2.
to put forth great effort of any kind.
verb (used with object), agonized, agonizing.
3.
to distress with extreme pain; torture.
Also, especially British, agonise.
Origin
1575-85; < Medieval Latin agōnizāre < Greek agōnízesthai to struggle (for a prize), equivalent to agōn- agon + -izesthai -ize
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for agonized
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • No leisure is here, only quivering, intense, agonized anxiety.

    The Forest Stewart Edward White
  • But in his doctrine of spiritual integrity, in the agonized utterance, "Be true—be true!"

    The American Mind Bliss Perry
  • She seemed to have aged ten years from the hours of agonized weeping.

    L'Assommoir Emile Zola
  • But, little by little, his face resumed an agonized expression.

    L'Assommoir Emile Zola
  • He had answered his call, praying him in an agonized voice to descend and rescue him.

    Murder Point

    Coningsby Dawson
  • Mr. Jim Fletcher, whose place was next him, uttered an agonized "Ow!"

    Galusha the Magnificent Joseph C. Lincoln
  • What relief from pain to the agonized sufferer had they not given!

    A Day's Ride Charles James Lever
British Dictionary definitions for agonized

agonize

/ˈæɡəˌnaɪz/
verb
1.
to suffer or cause to suffer agony
2.
(intransitive) to make a desperate effort; struggle; strive
Derived Forms
agonizingly, agonisingly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: via Medieval Latin from Greek agōnizesthai to contend for a prize, from agōnagon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for agonized

agonize

v.

1580s, "to torture," from Middle French agoniser or directly from Medieval Latin agonizare, from Greek agonizesthai "to contend in the struggle" (see agony). Intransitive sense of "to suffer physical pain" is recorded from 1660s. That of "to worry intensely" is from 1853. Related: Agonized; agonizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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