- a disease of the immune system characterized by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections, as pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and candidiasis, to certain cancers, as Kaposi's sarcoma, and to neurological disorders: caused by a retrovirus and transmitted chiefly through blood or blood products that enter the body's bloodstream, especially by sexual contact or contaminated hypodermic needles.
Origin of AIDS
- to provide support for or relief to; help: to aid the homeless victims of the fire.
- to promote the progress or accomplishment of; facilitate.
- to give help or assistance.
- help or support; assistance.
- a person or thing that aids or furnishes assistance; helper; auxiliary.
- aids, Manège.
- Also called natural aids.the means by which a rider communicates with and controls a horse, as the hands, legs, voice, and shifts in weight.
- Also called artificial aids.the devices by means of which a rider increases control of a horse, as spurs, whip, and martingale.
- foreign aid.
- a payment made by feudal vassals to their lord on special occasions.
- English History. (after 1066) any of several revenues received by a king in the Middle Ages from his vassals and other subjects, limited by the Magna Charta to specified occasions.
Origin of aid
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- the division of the United States International Development Cooperation Agency that coordinates the various foreign aid programs with U.S. foreign policy: established in 1961.
Origin of AID
Examples from the Web for aids
In 2007 he said he had discovered a cure for AIDS using natural herbs.The Shadowy U.S. Veteran Who Tried to Overthrow a Country
January 6, 2015
AIDS insanity: When running for the US Senate in 1992, Huckabee called for a quarantine of people who had AIDS.The Devil in Mike Huckabee
January 6, 2015
The following year, he developed pneumocystis pneumonia—a serious infection associated with HIV and AIDS.The LGBT Center That Changed Our Lives
December 22, 2014
In the 1980s, your community allowed hundreds of thousands of us to die because you believed AIDS was divine punishment.Do LGBTs Owe Christians an Olive Branch? Try The Other Way Around
December 14, 2014
It was instituted in 1983, at the height of the AIDS crisis.The Outrageous Celibacy Requirement for Gay Blood Donors
November 22, 2014
Profiting by these aids, an improved type of cable was designed.Heroes of the Telegraph
Has England considered Napper Tandy and his aids as belligerents?Diary from November 12, 1862, to October 18, 1863
His two aids, the Saint and the Fiend, had a bad time of it.Brighter Britain! (Volume 1 of 2)
William Delisle Hay
I consented that their commander with two aids might be admitted to our quarters.Chit-Chat; Nirvana; The Searchlight
Mathew Joseph Holt
It aids recollection, and soothes and excites and animates the soul of man.
- acquired immune (or immuno-)deficiency syndrome: a condition, caused by a virus, in which certain white blood cells (lymphocytes) are destroyed, resulting in loss of the body's ability to protect itself against disease. AIDS is transmitted by sexual intercourse, through infected blood and blood products, and through the placenta
- denoting a charitable organization or function that raises money for a causeBand Aid; Ferryaid
- acute infectious disease
- artificial insemination (by) donor: former name for Donor Insemination (DI)
- to give support to (someone to do something); help or assist
- (tr) to assist financially
- assistance; help; support
- a person, device, etc, that helps or assistsa teaching aid
- Also: artificial aid mountaineering any of various devices such as piton or nut when used as a direct help in the ascent
- (in medieval Europe; in England after 1066) a feudal payment made to the king or any lord by his vassals, usually on certain occasions such as the marriage of a daughter or the knighting of an eldest son
- in aid of British informal in support of; for the purpose of
Word Origin and History for aids
1982, acronym formed from acquired immune deficiency syndrome. AIDS cocktail attested by 1997, the thing itself said to have been in use from 1995.
early 15c., "wartime tax," also "help, support, assistance," from Old French aide, earlier aiudha "aid, help, assistance" (9c.), from Late Latin adjuta, from fem. past participle of Latin adiuvare (past participle adiutus) "to give help to," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + iuvare "to help" (see adjutant). Meaning "thing by which assistance is given" is recorded from c.1600. Meaning "material help given by one country to another" is from 1940.
c.1400, "to assist, help," from Old French aidier "help, assistance," from Latin adiutare, frequentative of adiuvare (past participle adiutus) "give help to" (see adjutant). Related: Aided; aiding.
- A severe immunological disorder caused by the retrovirus HIV, resulting in a defect in cell-mediated immune response that is manifested by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and to certain rare cancers, especially Kaposi's sarcoma. It is transmitted primarily by exposure to contaminated body fluids, especially blood and semen.
- artificial insemination donor
- Short for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. An infectious disease of the immune system caused by an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS is characterized by a decrease in the number of helper T cells, which causes a severe immunodeficiency that leaves the body susceptible to a variety of potentially fatal infections. The virus is transmitted in infected bodily fluids such as semen and blood, as through sexual intercourse, the use of contaminated hypodermic syringes, and placental transfer between mother and fetus. Although a cure or vaccine is not yet available, a number of antiviral drugs can decrease the viral load and subsequent infections in patients with AIDS.
Acronym for acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a fatal disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. Believed to have originated in Africa, AIDS has become an epidemic, infecting tens of millions of people worldwide. The virus, which is transmitted from one individual to another through the exchange of body fluids (such as blood or semen), attacks white blood cells, thereby causing the body to lose its capacity to ward off infection. As a result, many AIDS patients die of opportunistic infections that strike their debilitated bodies. AIDS first appeared in the United States in 1981, primarily among homosexuals and intravenous drug users who shared needles, but throughout the world, it is also transmitted by heterosexual contact. Today, scientists are hopeful that AIDS can be managed by new drugs, such as protease inhibitors, and need not be fatal. (See AZT.)