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[al-ig-zan-derz, -zahn-] /ˌæl ɪgˈzæn dərz, -ˈzɑn-/
noun, plural alexanders. (used with a singular or plural verb)
a tall plant, Angelica atropurpurea, of the parsley family, having broad clusters of small white flowers.
a related plant, Smyrnium olusatrum, having yellowish flowers.
Origin of alexanders
probably < French alexandre(s); compare Middle English alisaundre (< OF), Old English alexandre < Medieval Latin (petroselīnum) Alexandrīnum a name for Smyrnium olusatrum, and synonymous with Medieval Latin petroselīnum Macedonicum, apparently through association of Macedonia with Alexander the Great; cf. parsley


[al-ig-zan-der, -zahn-] /ˌæl ɪgˈzæn dər, -ˈzɑn-/
noun, (often initial capital letter)
a cocktail made with crème de cacao with gin or brandy (brandy alexander) and sweet cream.
First recorded in 1925-30; probably after the proper name


[al-ig-zan-der, -zahn-] /ˌæl ɪgˈzæn dər, -ˈzɑn-/
Also, Alexandros. Classical Mythology. Homeric name for Paris.
[frants,, franz,, frahnts] /frænts,, frænz,, frɑnts/ (Show IPA),
1891–1964, U.S. psychoanalyst, born in Hungary.
Grover Cleveland, 1887–1950, U.S. baseball player.
Sir Harold R. L. G (Alexander of Tunis) 1891–1969, English field marshal.
Samuel, 1859–1938, British philosopher.
William, 1726–83, general in the American Revolution.
a male given name: from a Greek word meaning “defender of men.”. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for alexanders
Historical Examples
  • The most important factor in alexanders therapeutics is his diet.

    Medieval Medicine James J. (James Joseph) Walsh
  • The alexanders—any of them—were everything he had said they were.

    The Lani People J. F. Bone
  • On this statement the whole implication of Tracey and the alexanders by Sarah stands or falls.

    She Stands Accused Victor MacClure
  • He consequently took no further part in alexanders campaigns after this.

    The Anabasis of Alexander Arrian of Nicomedia
  • He was one of the alexanders of his time, but does not appear to have been a great actor.

    The Town Leigh Hunt
  • He also informs us that the king died just before alexanders arrival.

    The Anabasis of Alexander Arrian of Nicomedia
  • Dost thou not know the Sesostris's, the alexanders, the Caesars are dead?

    The System of Nature, Volume 1 Paul Henri Thiery (Baron D'Holbach)
  • Such things do not happen to the Dariuses and the alexanders.

    A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 7 (of 10) Franois-Marie Arouet (AKA Voltaire)
  • Passing on, we reach the graves of the three alexanders, father and two sons, whose writings are dear to so many Christian hearts.

  • It is through you and the two alexanders that I am brought to this shame, and must die for it.

    She Stands Accused Victor MacClure
British Dictionary definitions for alexanders


a biennial umbelliferous plant, Smyrnium olusatrum, native to S Europe, with dense umbels of yellow-green flowers and black fruits
golden alexanders, an umbelliferous plant, Zizia aurea, of North America, having yellow flowers in compound umbels
Word Origin
Old English, from Medieval Latin alexandrum, probably (through association in folk etymology with Alexander the Great) changed from Latin holus atrum black vegetable


Harold (Rupert Leofric George), Earl Alexander of Tunis. 1891–1969, British field marshal in World War II, who organized the retreat from Dunkirk and commanded in North Africa (1943) and Sicily and Italy (1944–45); governor general of Canada (1946–52); British minister of defence (1952–54)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for alexanders


masc. proper name, from Latin, from Greek Alexandros "defender of men," from alexein "to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away, defend, protect" + aner (genitive andros) "man" (see anthropo-). The first element is related to Greek alke "protection, help, strength, power, courage," alkimos "strong;" cognate with Sanskrit raksati "protects," Old English ealgian "to defend." As a kind of cocktail, it is attested from 1930.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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