All the salts are explosive and readily interact with the alkyl iodides.
The glyoxalines are basic in character, and the imide hydrogen is replaceable by metals and alkyl groups.
For instance, an alkyl may be substituted for the hydroxyl hydrogen in an alcohol molecule, when an ether results.
The influence of position of an alkyl in the aromatic bodies is well shown in ortho-, para- and meta-derivatives.
These salts are like those of tin; and the resemblance to this metal is clearly enhanced by the study of the alkyl compounds.
We may also notice that thio-ethers combine with alkyl iodides to form sulphine or sulphonium compounds, R3SI.
The hydrogen of the hydroxyl group in phenol can be replaced by metals, by alkyl groups and by acid radicals.
The potassium salt reacts with the alkyl iodides to give N-substituted alkyl derivatives.
By heating with phosphorus pentachloride an alkyl group is eliminated and a chlorcarbonic ester formed.
The alkyl derivatives may be obtained by heating phenol with one molecular proportion of a caustic alkali and of an alkyl iodide.
alkyl al·kyl (āl'kəl)
A monovalent radical, such as ethyl or propyl, having the general formula CnH2n+1.