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Alzheimer's disease

or Alzheimer disease

[ahlts-hahy-merz, alts-, awlts-] /ˈɑlts haɪ mərz, ˈælts-, ˈɔlts-/
noun, Pathology.
a common form of dementia, believed to be caused by changes in the brain, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by memory lapses, confusion, emotional instability, and progressive loss of mental ability.
Also called Alzheimer’s.
Origin of Alzheimer's disease
named after Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915), German neurologist, who described it in 1907 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease

a disorder of the brain resulting in a progressive decline in intellectual and physical abilities and eventual dementia Often shortened to Alzheimer's
Word Origin
C20: named after A. Alzheimer (1864–1915), German physician who first identified it
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Alzheimer's disease

(senium præcox), 1912, title of article by S.C. Fuller published in "Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases;" named for German neurologist Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915). The name was not common before 1970s; shortened form Alzheimer's first recorded 1954. The surname is from the place name Alzheim, literally "Old Hamlet."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Alzheimer's disease in Medicine

Alzheimer's disease Alz·hei·mer's disease (älts'hī-mərz, ālts'-, ôlts'-)
A degenerative disease of the brain, characterized by clumps of neurofibrils and microscopic brain lesions and by confusion, disorientation, memory failure, and speech disturbances, and resulting in progressive loss of mental capacity.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Alzheimer's disease in Science
Alzheimer's disease
A progressive, degenerative disease of the brain, commonly affecting the elderly, and associated with the development of amyloid plaques in the cerebral cortex. It is characterized by confusion, disorientation, memory failure, speech disturbances, and eventual dementia. The cause is unknown. Alzheimer's disease is named for its identifier, German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer (1864-1915).
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Alzheimer's disease in Culture
Alzheimer's disease [(ahlts-heye-muhrz, alts-heye-muhrz, awlts-heye-muhrz)]

A disease in which mental capacity decreases because of the breakdown of brain cells.

Note: Alzheimer's disease is a major cause of loss of intellectual function in middle-aged and elderly people.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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