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amends

[uh-mendz]
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noun (used with a singular or plural verb)
  1. reparation or compensation for a loss, damage, or injury of any kind; recompense.
  2. Obsolete. improvement; recovery, as of health.
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Idioms
  1. make amends, to compensate, as for an injury, loss, or insult: I tried to make amends for the misunderstanding by sending her flowers.
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Origin of amends

1275–1325; Middle English amendes < Middle French, plural of amende reparation, noun derivative of amender to amend

Synonyms

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1. redress, restitution.

amend

[uh-mend]
verb (used with object)
  1. to alter, modify, rephrase, or add to or subtract from (a motion, bill, constitution, etc.) by formal procedure: Congress may amend the proposed tax bill.
  2. to change for the better; improve: to amend one's ways.
  3. to remove or correct faults in; rectify.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to grow or become better by reforming oneself: He amends day by day.
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Origin of amend

1175–1225; Middle English amenden < Old French amender < Latin ēmendāre “to correct,” equivalent to ē- e-1 + mend(a) “blemish” + -āre infinitive suffix
Related formsa·mend·a·ble, adjectivea·mend·er, nounnon·a·mend·a·ble, adjectivere·a·mend, verbun·a·mend·a·ble, adjectiveun·a·mend·ed, adjectiveun·a·mend·ing, adjectivewell-a·mend·ed, adjective

Synonym study

3. Amend, emend both mean to improve by correcting or by freeing from error. Amend is the general term, used of any such correction in detail: to amend spelling, punctuation, grammar. Emend usually applies to the correction of a text in the process of editing or preparing for publication; it implies improvement in the sense of greater accuracy: He emended the text of the play by restoring the original reading.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for amends

amends

noun
  1. (functioning as singular) recompense or compensation given or gained for some injury, insult, etcto make amends
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French amendes fines, from amende compensation, from amender to emend

amend

verb (tr)
  1. to improve; change for the better
  2. to remove faults from; correct
  3. to alter or revise (legislation, a constitution, etc) by formal procedure
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Derived Formsamendable, adjectiveamender, noun

Word Origin

C13: from Old French amender, from Latin ēmendāre to emend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for amends

n.

early 14c., "restitution," collective singular, from Old French amendes "fine, penalty," plural of amende "reparation," from amender "to amend" (see amend).

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amend

v.

early 13c., "to free from faults, rectify," from Old French amender (12c.), from Latin emendare "to correct, free from fault," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + menda "fault, blemish," from PIE *mend- "physical defect, fault" (cf. Sanskrit minda "physical blemish," Old Irish mennar "stain, blemish," Welsh mann "sign, mark").

Supplanted in senses of "repair, cure" by its shortened offspring mend (v.). Meaning "to add to legislation" (ostensibly to correct or improve it) is recorded from 1777. Related: Amended; amending.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with amends

amends

see make amends.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.