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anaphora

[uh-naf-er-uh]
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noun
  1. Also called epanaphora. Rhetoric. repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences.Compare epistrophe(def 1), symploce.
  2. Grammar. the use of a word as a regular grammatical substitute for a preceding word or group of words, as the use of it and do in I know it and he does too.Compare cataphora.
  3. (sometimes initial capital letter) Eastern Church.
    1. the prayer of oblation and consecration in the Divine Liturgy during which the Eucharistic elements are offered.
    2. the part of the ceremony during which the Eucharistic elements are offered as an oblation.

Origin of anaphora

1580–90; < Late Latin < Greek: a bringing back, repeating, equivalent to ana- ana- + -phora, akin to phérein to carry, bring; cf. -phore, -phorous
Related formsa·naph·o·ral, adjectivepre·a·naph·o·ral, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for anaphora

anaphora

noun
  1. grammar the use of a word such as a pronoun that has the same reference as a word previously used in the same discourse. In the sentence John wrote the essay in the library but Peter did it at home, both did and it are examples of anaphoraCompare cataphora, exophoric
  2. rhetoric the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses

Word Origin

C16: via Latin from Greek: repetition, from anapherein, from ana- + pherein to bear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for anaphora

n.

"repetition of a word or phrase in successive clauses," 1580s, from Latin, from Greek anaphora "reference," literally "a carrying back," from anapherein "to carry back, to bring up," from ana "back" (see ana-) + pherein "to bear" (see infer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper