a book or other collection of selected writings by various authors, usually in the same literary form, of the same period, or on the same subject: an anthology of Elizabethan drama; an anthology of modern philosophy.
a collection of selected writings by one author.
Origin of anthology
1630–40; < Latinanthologia < Greek: collection of poems, literally, gathering of flowers, equivalent to anthológ(os) flower-gathering (antho-antho- + -logos, adj. derivative of légein to pick up, collect) + -ia-ia
Related formsan·tho·log·i·cal[an-thuh-loj-i-kuh l]/ˌæn θəˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl/, adjectivean·tho·log·i·cal·ly, adverban·thol·o·gist, noun
1630s, "collection of poetry," from Latin anthologia, from Greek anthologia "collection of small poems and epigrams by several authors," literally "flower-gathering," from anthos "a flower" (see anther) + logia "collection, collecting," from legein "gather" (see lecture (n.)). Modern sense (which emerged in Late Greek) is metaphoric, "flowers" of verse, small poems by various writers gathered together.