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antitoxin

[an-ti-tok-sin, an-tee-]
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noun
  1. a substance, formed in the body, that counteracts a specific toxin.
  2. the antibody formed in immunization with a given toxin, used in treating certain infectious diseases or in immunizing against them.

Origin of antitoxin

First recorded in 1890–95; anti- + toxin
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for antitoxin

Historical Examples

  • If we wait until the disease develops, the antitoxin is of no value.

    Health on the Farm

    H. F. Harris

  • This antitoxin should be administered only by a competent veterinarian.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse

    United States Department of Agriculture

  • Meanwhile the bacteriologists are steadily at work on a vaccine or antitoxin.

    Preventable Diseases

    Woods Hutchinson

  • We have no antitoxin and no bacteriologic means of positive diagnosis.

    Preventable Diseases

    Woods Hutchinson

  • The antitoxin has been found, and it is applied successfully.


British Dictionary definitions for antitoxin

antitoxin

noun
  1. an antibody that neutralizes a toxin
  2. blood serum that contains a specific antibody
Derived Formsantitoxic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for antitoxin

n.

"substance neutralizing poisons," 1892, from anti- + toxin. Coined in 1890 by German bacteriologist Emil von Behring (1854-1917). Antitoxic in this sense is from 1860.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

antitoxin in Medicine

antitoxin

(ăn′tē-tŏksĭn)
n.
  1. An antibody formed in response to and capable of neutralizing a specific biological toxin.
  2. Serum containing antitoxins that is used to prevent or treat diseases caused by biological toxins, such as tetanus and diphtheria.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

antitoxin in Science

antitoxin

[ăn′tē-tŏksĭn, ăn′tī-]
  1. An antibody formed in response to and capable of neutralizing a specific toxin of biological origin. Compare toxin.
  2. An animal or human serum containing antitoxins, used to prevent or treat diseases caused by biological toxins, such as tetanus, botulism, and diphtheria.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.