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[ak-wuh-kuhl-cher, ah-kwuh-]
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  1. the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture.

Origin of aquaculture

First recorded in 1865–70; aqua- + (agri)culture
Related formsaq·ua·cul·tur·al, adjectiveaq·ua·cul·tur·ist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for aquaculture



  1. the cultivation of freshwater and marine resources, both plant and animal, for human consumption or use
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for aquaculture


1869, from aqua- + culture (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

aquaculture in Science


[ăkwə-kŭl′chər, äkwə-]
  1. The science of cultivating marine or freshwater food fish, such as salmon and trout, or shellfish, such as oysters and clams, under controlled conditions.
  2. See hydroponics.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

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