- capable of producing crops; suitable for farming; suited to the plow and for tillage: arable land; arable soil.
- land that can be or is cultivated.
Origin of arable
- (of land) being or capable of being tilled for the production of crops
- of, relating to, or using such landarable farming
- arable land or farming
Word Origin and History for arability
early 15c., "suitable for plowing" (as opposed to pasture- or wood-land), from Old French arable (12c.), from Latin arabilis, from arare "to plow," from PIE *are- "to plow" (cf. Greek aroun, Old Church Slavonic orja, Lithuanian ariu "to plow;" Gothic arjan, Old English erian, Middle Irish airim, Welsh arddu "to plow;" Old Norse arþr "a plow"). Replaced by late 18c. native erable, from Old English erian "to plow," from the same PIE source.