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ariel

or ariel gazelle

[air-ee-uh l] /ˈɛər i əl/
noun
1.
a mountain gazelle of Arabia, Gazella gazella arabica : almost extinct.
Origin of ariel
1825-1835
First recorded in 1825-35, ariel is from the dialectal Arabic word aryal

Ariel

[air-ee-uh l] /ˈɛər i əl/
noun
1.
(in Shakespeare's Tempest) a spirit of the air who is required to use his magic to help Prospero.
2.
Astronomy. one of the moons of the planet Uranus.
3.
Aerospace. one of a series of British satellites that studied the ionosphere, cosmic rays, and x-rays.
4.
Also, Arielle
[ar-ee-el, air-] /ˌær iˈɛl, ˌɛər-/ (Show IPA)
. a female given name.
5.
a male given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for ariel

ariel

/ˈɛərɪəl/
noun
1.
an Arabian gazelle, Gazella arabica (or dama)
Word Origin
C19: from Arabic aryal

Ariel

/ˈɛərɪəl/
noun
1.
the smallest of the four large satellites of Uranus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ariel

1382, in the Wyclif Bible, a word taken untranslated from the Vulgate, from Greek ariel (Sept.), from Hebrew ariel; in later Bibles, translated as "altar."

(Gesenius would here translate "fire-hearth of God," after Arab. arr; elsewhere in O.T. the same word occurs as a man's name, and appellation of Jerusalem, where it is taken as = "lion of God.") Ariel in T. Heywood and Milton is the name of an angel, in Shakespeare of "an Ayrie spirit"; in Astron. of one of the satellites of Uranus. [OED]
As the name of a species of gazelle found in the Middle East, 1832, from Arabic aryil, variant of ayyil "stag."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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