Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

ariel

or ar·iel gazelle

[air-ee-uh l]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. a mountain gazelle of Arabia, Gazella gazella arabica: almost extinct.

Origin of ariel

First recorded in 1825–35, ariel is from the dialectal Arabic word aryal

Ariel

[air-ee-uh l]
noun
  1. (in Shakespeare's Tempest) a spirit of the air who is required to use his magic to help Prospero.
  2. Astronomy. one of the moons of the planet Uranus.
  3. Aerospace. one of a series of British satellites that studied the ionosphere, cosmic rays, and x-rays.
  4. Also Ar·i·elle [ar-ee-el, air-] /ˌær iˈɛl, ˌɛər-/. a female given name.
  5. a male given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for ariel

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for ariel

ariel

noun
  1. an Arabian gazelle, Gazella arabica (or dama)

Word Origin

C19: from Arabic aryal

Ariel

noun
  1. the smallest of the four large satellites of Uranus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ariel

1382, in the Wyclif Bible, a word taken untranslated from the Vulgate, from Greek ariel (Sept.), from Hebrew ariel; in later Bibles, translated as "altar."

(Gesenius would here translate "fire-hearth of God," after Arab. arr; elsewhere in O.T. the same word occurs as a man's name, and appellation of Jerusalem, where it is taken as = "lion of God.") Ariel in T. Heywood and Milton is the name of an angel, in Shakespeare of "an Ayrie spirit"; in Astron. of one of the satellites of Uranus. [OED]

As the name of a species of gazelle found in the Middle East, 1832, from Arabic aryil, variant of ayyil "stag."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper