- the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics.
- Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of numbers; the study of the divisibility of whole numbers, the remainders after division, etc.
- a book on this subject.
- Also ar·ith·met·i·cal. of or relating to arithmetic.
Origin of arithmetic
Examples from the Web for arithmetical
There are forces in the world which work, not in an arithmetical, but in a geometrical ratio of increase.The Republic
We advance not in arithmetical but in geometrical progression.The Stark Munro Letters
J. Stark Munro
Then we have Arithmetical Puzzles, an immense class, full of diversity.The Canterbury Puzzles
Henry Ernest Dudeney
His labours to perfect his arithmetical machine had seriously impaired it.Pascal
His wealth increased not in arithmetical but in geometrical progression.Godfrey Morgan
- the branch of mathematics concerned with numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
- one or more calculations involving numerical operations
- knowledge of or skill in using arithmetichis arithmetic is good
- of, relating to, or using arithmetic
Word Origin and History for arithmetical
mid-13c., arsmetike, from Old French arsmetique (12c.), from Latin arithmetica, from Greek arithmetike (tekhne) "(the) counting (art)," fem. of arithmetikos "of or for reckoning, arithmetical," from arithmos "number, counting, amount," from PIE root *re(i)- "to reason, count" (cf. Old English, Old High German rim "number;" Old Irish rim "number," dorimu "I count;" Latin ritus "religious custom;" see read).
Originally in English also arsmetrik, on folk etymology from Medieval Latin ars metrica; spelling corrected early 16c. Replaced native tælcræft, literally "tell-craft."
- The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.