son of Shem, born the year after the Deluge. He died at the age of 438 years (Gen. 11:10-13; 1 Chr. 1:17, 18; Luke 3:36). He dwelt in Mesopotamia, and became, according to the Jewish historian Josephus, the progenitor of the Chaldeans. The tendency is to recognize in the word the name of the country nearest the ancient domain of the Chaldeans. Some regard the word as an Egypticized form of the territorial name of Ur Kasdim, or Ur of the Chaldees.
Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians overcometh arphaxad king of the Medes.
arphaxad named the arphaxadites, who are now called Chaldeans.
In arphaxad, the name of the third son, we cannot mistake the name of a district any more than in the names of the other sons.
arphaxad was the son of Shem, and born twelve years after the deluge.
And Sem lived after he begot arphaxad, five hundred years, and begot sons and daughters.
These are the generations of Sem: Sem was a hundred years old when he begot arphaxad, two years after the flood.
The latter also inserts after arphaxad a Cainan who was one hundred and thirty years old at the birth of Salah.
And arphaxad lived after he begot Sale, three hundred and three years, and begot sons and daughters.