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Artaxerxes I

[ahr-tuh-zurk-seez]
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noun
  1. Longimanus, died 424 b.c., king of Persia 464–24.
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Artaxerxes II

noun
  1. Mnemon, died 359? b.c., king of Persia 404?–359?.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for artaxerxes

Historical Examples

  • Darius and Parysatis had two sons: the elder was named Artaxerxes, and the younger Cyrus.

    Anabasis

    Xenophon

  • Artaxerxes married two of his daughters.1688 The Ptolemies adopted this practice.

    Folkways

    William Graham Sumner

  • And this was the state of the Jews under the reign of Artaxerxes.

  • Artaxerxes was about the weakest of all the Persian monarchs.

  • This challenge King Artaxerxes showed no inclination to accept.


British Dictionary definitions for artaxerxes

Artaxerxes I

noun
  1. died 425 bc, king of Persia (465–425): son of Xerxes I
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Artaxerxes II

noun
  1. died ?358 bc, king of Persia (?404–?358). He defeated his brother Cyrus the Younger at Cunaxa (401)
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for artaxerxes

Artaxerxes

Persian masc. proper name, in classical history, a son of Xerxes II, also a son of Darius, from Greek Artaxerxes (explained by Herodotus as "Great Warrior"), from Old Persian Artaxšaca, literally "having a kingdom of justice," from arta- "justice" + xšaca "kingdom."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper