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[ar-i-tee-noid, uh-rit-n-oid] /ˌær ɪˈti nɔɪd, əˈrɪt nˌɔɪd/ Anatomy
pertaining to either of two small cartilages on top of the cricoid cartilage at the upper, back part of the larynx.
pertaining to the muscles connected with these cartilages.
pertaining to the glands in the aryepiglottic fold of the larynx.
an arytenoid cartilage, muscle, or gland.
Origin of arytenoid
1685-95; < Greek arytainoeidḗs literally, ladle-shaped, equivalent to arýtain(a) ladle, pitcher, funnel + -oeidēs -oid
Related forms
[ar-i-tn-oid-l] /ˌær ɪ tnˈɔɪd l/ (Show IPA),
interarytenoid, adjective
postarytenoid, adjective
subarytenoid, adjective
subarytenoidal, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for arytenoid
Historical Examples
  • From its side at the back part project two rounded surfaces, which give attachment to the arytenoid cartilages.

    The Voice in Singing Emma Seiler
  • With some effort the above-mentioned action of the arytenoid cartilages may be continued several tones higher.

    The Voice in Singing Emma Seiler
  • This movement of the arytenoid cartilages may best be compared to that of a pair of scissors.

    The Voice in Singing Emma Seiler
  • In the second series the glottis appears, by the inaction of the arytenoid cartilages, to be shortened.

    The Voice in Singing Emma Seiler
  • When in their natural position the arytenoid cartilages resemble somewhat the mouth of a pitcher, hence their name.

    A Practical Physiology Albert F. Blaisdell
  • The arytenoid cartilages are two small but very mobile bodies in the form of three-cornered pyramids.

    The Voice in Singing Emma Seiler
  • It also furnishes a base of support for two very important structures, the arytenoid (arutaina, a ladle) cartilages.

  • The cartilages of the ear and the arytenoid cartilages are sometimes the seat of gouty deposits.

  • Other muscles are connected with the arytenoid cartilages which serve to seperate the vocal cords and to widely open the glottis.

    A Practical Physiology Albert F. Blaisdell
  • Lucia cannot attend to the movements of her arytenoid cartilages while pouring out the trills and runs of her Mad Scene.

    The Psychology of Singing David C. Taylor
British Dictionary definitions for arytenoid


denoting either of two small cartilages of the larynx that are attached to the vocal cords
denoting any of three small muscles of the larynx that narrow the space between the vocal cords
an arytenoid cartilage or muscle
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin arytaenoīdes, from Greek arutainoeidēs shaped like a ladle, from arutaina ladle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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arytenoid in Medicine

arytenoid ar·y·te·noid (ār'ĭ-tē'noid', ə-rĭt'n-oid')

  1. Either of two small pitcher-shaped cartilages at the back of the larynx to which the vocal cords are attached.

  2. A muscle that is connected to either of these cartilages.

  3. Any of several small mucous glands located in front of these cartilages.

Of or relating to these cartilages or an associated muscle or gland.
ar'y·te·noid'al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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