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Ashkenazim

[ahsh-kuh-nah-zim]
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plural noun, singular Ash·ke·naz·i [ahsh-kuh-nah-zee] /ˌɑʃ kəˈnɑ zi/.
  1. Jews of central and eastern Europe, or their descendants, distinguished from the Sephardim chiefly by their liturgy, religious customs, and pronunciation of Hebrew.
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Origin of Ashkenazim

1830–40; < post-Biblical Hebrew ashkənazzīm, plural of ashkənazzī, equivalent to ashkənaz Ashkenaz + suffix of appurtenance
Related formsAsh·ke·naz·ic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Word Origin and History for ashkenazim

Ashkenazim

n.

(plural) "central and northern European Jews" (as opposed to Sephardim, Jews of Spain and Portugal), 1839, from Hebrew Ashkenazzim, plural of Ashkenaz, eldest son of Gomer (Gen. x:3), also the name of a people mentioned in Jer. li:27 (perhaps akin to Greek skythoi "Scythians," cf. Akkadian ishkuzai); identified historically with various people; in Middle Ages, with the Germans.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper