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[ahsh-kuh-nah-zim] /ˌɑʃ kəˈnɑ zɪm/
plural noun, singular Ashkenazi
[ahsh-kuh-nah-zee] /ˌɑʃ kəˈnɑ zi/ (Show IPA)
Jews of central and eastern Europe, or their descendants, distinguished from the Sephardim chiefly by their liturgy, religious customs, and pronunciation of Hebrew.
Origin of Ashkenazim
post-Biblical Hebrew
1830-40; < post-Biblical Hebrew ashkənazzīm, plural of ashkənazzī, equivalent to ashkənaz Ashkenaz + suffix of appurtenance
Related forms
Ashkenazic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Word Origin and History for Ashkenazim

(plural) "central and northern European Jews" (as opposed to Sephardim, Jews of Spain and Portugal), 1839, from Hebrew Ashkenazzim, plural of Ashkenaz, eldest son of Gomer (Gen. x:3), also the name of a people mentioned in Jer. li:27 (perhaps akin to Greek skythoi "Scythians," cf. Akkadian ishkuzai); identified historically with various people; in Middle Ages, with the Germans.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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