The view over the plain to the west is bounded by the Mediterranean, intersected by the bold outlines of the island of Asmara.
A railway connects Massawa with Asmara, the capital of the colony.
An extension of the line is planned from Asmara to Sabderat and Kassala.
A railway from Massawa to Asmara was completed as far as Ghinda, at the foot of the plateau, in 1904.
The whole of the hill country north of Asmara belongs to the drainage area of the Baraka or Anseba.
The port was the capital of the Italian colony until 1900 when the seat of administration was removed to Asmara (see Eritrea).
In 1900 the seat of government was transferred from Massawa to Asmara, which in its modern form is the creation of the Italians.
Asmara, an Amharic word signifying “good pasture place,” is a town of considerable antiquity.
named 1890 when it was an Italian colony, from Mare Erythreum, Roman name of the Red Sea, from Greek Erythre Thalassa, literally "Red Sea" (to the Greeks also including the Gulf of Arabia and the Indian Ocean), from erythros "red" (see red (1)).
Country in northeastern Africa bordered by Sudan to the north and west, Ethiopia to the south, Djibouti to the southeast, and the Red Sea to the east. Its capital is Asmara. After a long struggle, Eritrea declared its independence from Ethiopia in 1993. A border conflict with Ethiopia flared between 1998 and 2000.