The Umpqua language is now placed under the athapascan family.
For the three remaining northern athapascan tribes we possess very little data of a strictly ethnographic character.
This tribe, however, has since been ascertained to be athapascan.
On the north, Quoratean tribes extended to the athapascan territory near the Oregon line.
The athapascan tribes to the east show intermediate cultures.
This ancient athapascan alliance is another link in the chain connecting the Kiowa with the far north.
Merriam deviated from Kroeber very widely in his tribal names for the athapascan groups.
Above them were the Upper Umpqua villages, of the athapascan stock.
Of these athapascan peoples it has been written, "They are nearer the brutes than probably any other portion of the human race."