In the succeeding year he died, and the kingdom descended to his weak son, Æthelwulf.
These calamities were regarded as Divine judgments, and when Æthelwulf had checked the invaders he made a pilgrimage to Rome.
After Æthelwulf's death the English resistance grew fainter and fainter.
But Æthelwulf did not die for a little time after, and took Alfred for a second visit to Rome.
This arrangement is said to have existed since the time of æthelwulf.
First, alderman Æthelwulf fought the Danes at Englefield, and beat them.