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athlete

[ath-leet] /ˈæθ lit/
noun
1.
a person trained or gifted in exercises or contests involving physical agility, stamina, or strength; a participant in a sport, exercise, or game requiring physical skill.
Origin of athlete
1520-1530
1520-30; < Latin āthlēta < Greek āthlētḗs, equivalent to āthlē- (variant stem of āthleîn to contend for a prize, derivative of âthlos a contest) + -tēs suffix of agency
Related forms
nonathlete, noun
superathlete, noun
Pronunciation note
Athlete, athletic, and athletics, normally pronounced
[ath-leet] /ˈæθ lit/ (Show IPA)
[ath-let-ik] /æθˈlɛt ɪk/
and
[ath-let-iks] /æθˈlɛt ɪks/
are heard frequently with an epenthetic schwa, an intrusive unstressed vowel inserted between the first and second syllables:
[ath-uh-leet] /ˈæθ əˌlit/
[ath-uh-let-ik] /ˌæθ əˈlɛt ɪk/
and
[ath-uh-let-iks] /ˌæθ əˈlɛt ɪks/ .
The pronunciations containing the extra syllable are usually considered nonstandard, in spite of their widespread use on radio and television. Pronunciations with similarly intrusive vowels are also heard, though with less currency, for other words, as
[fil-uh m] /ˈfɪl əm/
for film,
[el-uh m] /ˈɛl əm/
for elm, and
[ahr-thuh-rahy-tis] /ˌɑr θəˈraɪ tɪs/
for arthritis, rather than the standard
[film] /fɪlm/
[elm] /ɛlm/
and
[ahr-thrahy-tis] /ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs/
.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for athlete
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He had the frame of an athlete; his face, with its luxuriant red-beard, resembled that of a lion.

  • He has now given way to the athlete, who is quite a different type.

    Folkways William Graham Sumner
  • Her beautiful childish face leans against the arm of the athlete and her hand rests on his neck.

    Sielanka: An Idyll Henryk Sienkiewicz
  • An athlete might manage it, he supposed, but he was not an athlete—he was a gentleman and a soldier.

    Across the Mesa Jarvis Hall
  • A successful gladiator enjoyed far greater fame than any modern prize-fighter or athlete.

British Dictionary definitions for athlete

athlete

/ˈæθliːt/
noun
1.
a person trained to compete in sports or exercises involving physical strength, speed, or endurance
2.
a person who has a natural aptitude for physical activities
3.
(mainly Brit) a competitor in track and field events
Word Origin
C18: from Latin via Greek athlētēs, from athlein to compete for a prize, from athlos a contest
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for athlete
n.

early 15c., from Latin athleta "a wrestler, athlete, combatant in public games," from Greek athletes "prizefighter, contestant in the games," agent noun from athlein "to contest for a prize," related to athlos "a contest" and athlon "a prize," of unknown origin. Before 1750, usually in Latin form. In this sense, Old English had plegmann "play-man." Athlete's foot first recorded 1928, for an ailment that has been around much longer.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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10
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