- the principle of life.
- the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman.
- (initial capital letter) the World Soul, from which all individual souls derive, and to which they return as the supreme goal of existence.
Also at·ma [aht-muh] /ˈɑt mə/.
Origin of atman
First recorded in 1775–85, atman is from the Sanskrit word ātman breath, self
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- the personal soul or self; the thinking principle as manifested in consciousness
- Brahman considered as the Universal Soul, the great Self or Person that dwells in the entire created order
from Sanskrit ātman breath; compare Old High German ātum breath
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for atmen
1785, from Sanskrit atma "essence, breath, soul," from PIE *etmen "breath" (a root found in Sanskrit and Germanic, cf. Old English æðm, Dutch adem, Old High German atum "breath," Old English eþian, Dutch ademen "to breathe").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper