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2017 Word of the Year

aventurine

or aventurin

[uh-ven-chuh-reen, -rin] /əˈvɛn tʃəˌrin, -rɪn/
noun
1.
an opaque, brown glass containing fine, gold-colored particles.
2.
any of several varieties of minerals, especially quartz or feldspar, spangled with bright particles of mica, hematite, or other minerals.
Also called goldstone.
Origin of aventurine
1805-1815
1805-15; < French, equivalent to aventure chance (see adventure) + -ine -ine2; so called because metal particles are introduced into the molten glass pell-mell (à l'aventure)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for aventurine

aventurine

/əˈvɛntjʊrɪn/
noun
1.
a dark-coloured glass, usually green or brown, spangled with fine particles of gold, copper, or some other metal
2.
Also called sunstone. a light-coloured translucent variety of orthoclase feldspar containing reddish-gold particles of iron compounds
3.
a variety of quartz containing red or greenish particles of iron oxide or mica: a gemstone
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Italian avventurina, from avventura chance; so named because usually found by accident; see adventure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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