- Cell Biology. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.
Origin of axon
Examples from the Web for axon
Mr. Axon says it is current in Lancashire and in Cornwall, Antiquary, xi.Folklore as an Historical Science
George Laurence Gomme
We saw a moment ago that every axon is inclosed in a sheath.Physiology
Ernest G. Martin
The contact of the axon of one neuron with the dendrons of another is called a synapse.Psychotherapy
James J. Walsh
Most nerve cells have two kinds of branches, called the axon and the dendrites.Psychology
Robert S. Woodworth
Sandy-haired men have no age until they are fifty-five, and Axon was not fifty-five.The Price of Love</p>
- the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell bodyCompare dendrite
Word Origin and History for axon
"axis of the vertebrate body," 1842, from Greek axon "axis" (see axis).
- The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell.
- The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber
The part of a nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. (See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.