Baal of the north, an Egyptian town on the shores of the Gulf of Suez (Ex. 14:2; Num. 33:7), over against which the children of Israel encamped before they crossed the Red Sea. It is probably to be identified with the modern Jebel Deraj or Kulalah, on the western shore of the Gulf of Suez. Baal-zapuna of the Egyptians was a place of worship.
During this prayer he had raised his eyes heavenward and saw on the summit of baal-zephon the red blaze of a fire.
Migdol was a fortress which guarded the pass of Egypt; baal-zephon, a sea idol, generally considered the guardian of the coast.
He had marked out their position before "Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against baal-zephon."