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basal metabolism

noun, Physiology.
the minimal amount of energy necessary to maintain respiration, circulation, and other vital body functions while fasting and at total rest.
Origin of basal metabolism
First recorded in 1910-15 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for basal metabolism
Historical Examples
  • To use this table one may seek the basal metabolism of the individual, add 10 per cent.

    Food in War Time Graham Lusk
  • This measurement represents the basal metabolism of a man at complete rest, when his oxidative activities are at their lowest ebb.

    Food in War Time Graham Lusk
  • Ratios of measured to predicted values were used for basal metabolism (Hbr) and minimum wet thermal conductance (Cmwr).

  • Benedict and Emmes have shown by very careful measurements that the basal metabolism of men is about 6% higher than that of women.

    Taboo and Genetics Melvin Moses Knight, Iva Lowther Peters, and Phyllis Mary Blanchard
  • It has been found by DuBois that the basal metabolism in boys of twelve is 25 per cent.

    Food in War Time Graham Lusk
British Dictionary definitions for basal metabolism

basal metabolism

the amount of energy required by an individual in the resting state, for such functions as breathing and circulation of the blood See basal metabolic rate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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basal metabolism in Medicine

basal metabolism n.
The minimum amount of energy required to maintain vital functions in an organism at complete rest, measured by the basal metabolic rate in a fasting individual.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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basal metabolism in Culture
basal metabolism [(bay-suhl, bay-zuhl muh-tab-uh-liz-uhm)]

The rate at which an inactive, resting organism expends energy.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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