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[del-ee-uh m, -yuh m] /ˈdɛl i əm, -yəm/
a fragrant gum resin obtained from certain burseraceous plants, as of the genus Commiphora.
a plant yielding this resin.
a substance mentioned in the Bible. Gen. 2:12; Num. 11:7.
Origin of bdellium
< Latin < Greek bdéllion, probably from a Sem word akin to Hebrew bedhōlah, name of a fragrant yellowish transparent gum Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for bdellium


any of several African or W Asian trees of the burseraceous genus Commiphora that yield a gum resin
the aromatic gum resin, similar to myrrh, produced by any of these trees
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, from Greek bdellion, perhaps from Hebrew bědhōlah
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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bdellium in the Bible

occurs only in Gen. 2:12, where it designates a product of the land of Havilah; and in Num. 11:7, where the manna is likened to it in colour. It was probably an aromatic gum like balsam which exuded from a particular tree (Borassus flabelliformis) still found in Arabia, Media, and India. It bears a resemblance in colour to myrrh. Others think the word denotes "pearls," or some precious stone.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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