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beach berm

noun
1.
berm (def 3).

berm

[burm] /bɜrm/
noun
1.
Also, berme. Fortification. a horizontal surface between the exterior slope of a rampart and the moat.
2.
Also called bench. any level strip of ground at the summit or sides, or along the base, of a slope.
3.
Also called backshore, beach berm. a nearly flat back portion of a beach, formed of material deposited by the action of the waves.
4.
Chiefly Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. the bank of a canal or the shoulder of a road.
5.
Chiefly Alaska. a mound of snow or dirt, as formed when clearing land.
6.
a bank of earth placed against an exterior wall or walls of a house or other building as protection against extremes of temperature.
verb (used with object)
7.
to cover or protect with a berm:
The side walls were bermed to a height of three feet.
Origin of berm
1720-1730
1720-30; < French berme < Dutch berm; akin to brim1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for beach-berm

berm

/bɜːm/
noun
1.
a narrow path or ledge at the edge of a slope, road, or canal
2.
(NZ) the grass verge of a suburban street, usually kept mown
3.
(fortifications) a narrow path or ledge between a moat and a rampart
4.
(military) a man-made ridge of sand, designed as an obstacle to tanks, which, in crossing it, have to expose their vulnerable underparts
Word Origin
C18: from French berme, from Dutch berm, probably from Old Norse barmrbrim
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for beach-berm

berm

n.

"narrow ledge," 1729, from French berme (17c.), from Old Dutch baerm "edge of a dike," probably related to brim (q.v.). In U.S., 19c., also the name for the bank of a canal opposite the tow path.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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beach-berm in Science
berm
  (bûrm)   
  1. A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves. A beach may have no berm at all, or it may have more than one berm.

  2. A narrow man-made ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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