Windmills, I suppose, were the first machines so used, but neither Beckmann nor Dugdale informs us when first used.
Beckmann has 12,475, quoting Fabricius' 'Bibliotheca Latina,' ed.
This seems to have been the first instrument of the kind, and is overlooked by Beckmann in his account of such contrivances.
Beckmann does not believe that clocks were of European origin, but that they were derived from the Saracens.
Beckmann's picture represents the last of the epoch-making musicians, Richard Wagner.
Azoximes can also be produced from α-benzil dioxime by the "Beckmann" change.
Catalogues of such books began to be published, according to Beckmann, in 1554.
This work entitles Beckmann to be regarded as the founder of scientific technology, a term which he was the first to use in 1772.
Beckmann and others have, however, entirely overlooked the early Probierbchlein.