A leading feature of the Beghard propaganda was the circulation among the laity of written tracts and devotional works.
The origin of the names Beguine and Beghard has been the subject of much controversy.
In popular use the words Lollard and Beghard were virtually convertible, and yet there is a difference between them.
Walter, known as the Lollard, was a Hollander, and was the most active and successful of the Beghard missionaries.
Not long after a similar martyrdom occurred at Constance, where a Beghard, named Burgin, had founded a sect of extreme austerity.