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[ben-zeen, ben-zeen] /ˈbɛn zin, bɛnˈzin/
a colorless, volatile, flammable, liquid mixture of various hydrocarbons, obtained in the distillation of petroleum, and used in cleaning, dyeing, etc.
Also, benzin
[ben-zin] /ˈbɛn zɪn/ (Show IPA)
Origin of benzine
First recorded in 1850-55; benz- + -ine2 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for benzin
Historical Examples
  • The stains it may make readily disappear on immersion in kerosene or benzin.

    Merck's 1899 Manual Merck & Co.
  • benzine (benzin) is a light-boiling petroleum distillate, lighter than lamp oil, and with a varying boiling-point.

  • Why, just the smell of benzin on a suit you've had out to the cleaners will give 'em the dream, if you throw your chest out right.

    Torchy Sewell Ford
  • For this reason the compound was named “benzin” by Mitscherlich, which name was changed into “benzol” by Liebig.

    Coal Raphael Meldola
  • It dissolves in 20 parts of boiling alcohol, in 100 parts of cold alcohol and in twice its weight of benzin.

  • It is soluble in alcohol, ether and chloroform, slightly soluble in sulphuret of carbon, insoluble in turpentine or benzin.

British Dictionary definitions for benzin


/ˈbɛnziːn; bɛnˈziːn/
a volatile mixture of the lighter aliphatic hydrocarbon constituents of petroleum See ligroin, petroleum ether
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for benzin



see benzene.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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benzin in Medicine

benzine ben·zine (běn'zēn', běn-zēn') or ben·zin (běn'zĭn)

  1. A colorless, flammable, liquid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained in distilling petroleum, used in cleaning and dyeing and as a motor fuel; naphtha. Also called petroleum benzin.

  2. See benzene.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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