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besides

[bih-sahydz] /bɪˈsaɪdz/
adverb
1.
moreover; furthermore; also:
Besides, I promised her we would come.
2.
in addition:
There are three elm trees and two maples besides.
3.
otherwise; else:
They had a roof over their heads but not much besides.
preposition
4.
over and above; in addition to:
Besides a mother he has a sister to support.
5.
other than; except:
There's no one here besides Bill and me.
Origin of besides
1150-1200
Middle English word dating back to 1150-1200; See origin at beside, -s1
Can be confused
beside, besides (see usage note at beside)
Synonyms
1. further.
Synonym Study
1. Besides, moreover both indicate something additional to what has already been stated. Besides often suggests that the addition is in the nature of an afterthought: The bill cannot be paid as yet; besides, the work is not completed. Moreover is more formal and implies that the addition is something particular, emphatic, or important: I did not like the house; moreover, it was too high-priced.
Usage note
4, 5. See beside.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for besides
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • besides, I never felt contempt for anything to which the gods had given life.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • besides, it is very possible that you are unjust to Hipparete.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • besides, he had four quarts left, for which he expected to find a ready sale.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • besides, the five thousand dollars were gone and not likely to be recovered.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • besides, this was the first foreign shore his foot had ever trodden.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
British Dictionary definitions for besides

besides

/bɪˈsaɪdz/
preposition
1.
apart from; even considering: besides costing too much, the scheme is impractical
sentence connector
2.
anyway; moreover
adverb
3.
as well
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for besides
prep.

attested from c.1200 (common after c.1400), from beside + adverbial genitive -s. Once sharing all the senses of beside, now properly limited to "in addition to, otherwise."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for besides

10
11
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