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betrothed

[bih-trohth d, -trawtht]
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adjective
  1. engaged to be married: She is betrothed to that young lieutenant.
noun
  1. the person to whom one is engaged: He introduced us to his betrothed.

Origin of betrothed

First recorded in 1530–40; betroth + -ed2
Related formsun·be·trothed, adjective

betroth

[bih-trohth, -trawth]
verb (used with object)
  1. to arrange for the marriage of; affiance (usually used in passive constructions): The couple was betrothed with the approval of both families.
  2. Archaic. to promise to marry.

Origin of betroth

1275–1325; Middle English betrouthe, variant of betreuthe (be- be- + treuthe truth; see troth)

Synonyms

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1. engage, promise, pledge, plight.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for betrothed

betrothed

adjective
  1. engaged to be marriedhe was betrothed to her
noun
  1. the person to whom one is engaged; fiancé or fiancée

betroth

verb
  1. (tr) archaic to promise to marry or to give in marriage

Word Origin

C14 betreuthen, from be- + treuthe troth, truth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for betrothed

adj.

1530s, past participle adjective from betroth (v.). As a noun, in use by 1580s.

betroth

v.

c.1300, betrouthen, from bi-, here probably with a sense of "thoroughly," + Middle English treowðe "truth," from Old English treowðe "truth, a pledge" (see troth). Related: Betrothed; betrothing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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