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bid1

[bid]
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verb (used with object), bade or (Archaic) bad for 1, 2, 5 or bid for 3, 4; bid·den or bid for 1, 2, 5 or bid for 3, 4; bid·ding.
  1. to command; order; direct: to bid them depart.
  2. to express (a greeting, farewell, benediction, or wish): to bid good night.
  3. Commerce. to offer (a certain sum) as the price one will pay or charge: They bid $25,000 and got the contract.
  4. Cards. to enter a bid of (a given quantity or suit): to bid two no-trump.
  5. to summon by invitation; invite.
verb (used without object), bade or (Archaic) bad for 6 or bid for 7; bid·den or bid for 6 or bid for 7; bid·ding.
  1. to command; order; direct: I will do as you bid.
  2. to make a bid: She bid at the auction for the old chair.
noun
  1. an act or instance of bidding.
  2. Cards.
    1. an offer to make a specified number of points or to take a specified number of tricks.
    2. the amount of such an offer.
    3. the turn of a person to bid.
  3. an invitation: a bid to join the club.
  4. an attempt to attain some goal or purpose: a bid for election.
  5. Also called bid price. Stock Exchange. the highest price a prospective buyer is willing to pay for a security at a given moment.
Verb Phrases past and past participle bid, present participle bid·ding.
  1. bid in, Commerce. to overbid all offers for (property) at an auction in order to retain ownership.
  2. bid up, Commerce. to increase the market price of by increasing bids.
Idioms past bade or (Archaic) bad, past participle bid·den or bid, present participle bid·ding.
  1. bid fair. fair1(def 29).

Origin of bid1

before 900; Middle English bidden, Old English biddan to beg, ask; cognate with Old Frisian bidda, Old Saxon biddian, Old High German bittan (German bitten), Old Norse bithja, Gothic bidjan; all < Germanic *bid-ja- (< Indo-European *bhidh-) command, akin to Greek peíthein to persuade, inspire with trust, English bide
Related formsbid·der, noun
Can be confusedbidder bitter

Synonyms

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1. charge; require, enjoin. 3. offer, tender, proffer. 8. offer, proposal; proffer.

bid2

[bid]
verb Archaic.
  1. past participle of bide.

bide

[bahyd]
verb (used with object), bid·ed or bode; bid·ed or (Archaic) bid; bid·ing.
  1. Archaic. to endure; bear.
  2. Obsolete. to encounter.
verb (used without object), bid·ed or bode; bid·ed or (Archaic) bid; bid·ing.
  1. to dwell; abide; wait; remain.
Idioms
  1. bide one's time, to wait for a favorable opportunity: He wanted to ask for a raise, but bided his time.

Origin of bide

before 900; Middle English biden, Old English bīdan; cognate with Old Frisian bīdia, Old Saxon bīdan, Old High German bītan, Old Norse bītha, Gothic beidan, Latin fīdere, Greek peíthesthai to trust, rely < Indo-European *bheidh-; the meaning apparently developed: have trust > endure > wait > abide > remain
Related formsbid·er, noun

Synonyms

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3. stay, linger, tarry.

b.i.d.

  1. (in prescriptions) twice a day.

Origin of b.i.d.

From the Latin word bis in diē

B.I.D.

  1. Bachelor of Industrial Design.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for bid

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • At all events, he was left standing on the doorstone, and no one came to bid him enter.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • Unless you do as I bid you, I will keep you in irons for the rest of the voyage!

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • I am bound for my quarters, I came but to thank you for your goodness to me, and to bid you farewell.

    The Armourer's Prentices

    Charlotte M. Yonge

  • He bid me tell you so, when he went out, if I found you refractory.

    Clarissa, Volume 1 (of 9)

    Samuel Richardson

  • He, with an imperious air, bid me deserve his love, and I should be sure to have it.

    Clarissa, Volume 1 (of 9)

    Samuel Richardson


British Dictionary definitions for bid

bid

verb bids, bidding, bad, bade, esp for senses 1, 2, 5, 7 bid, bidden or esp for senses 1, 2, 5, 7 bid
  1. (often foll by for or against) to offer (an amount) in attempting to buy something, esp in competition with others as at an auction
  2. commerce to respond to an offer by a seller by stating (the more favourable terms) on which one is willing to make a purchase
  3. (tr) to say (a greeting, blessing, etc)to bid farewell
  4. to order; commanddo as you are bid!
  5. (intr usually foll by for) to attempt to attain power, etc
  6. (tr) to invite; ask kindlyshe bade him sit down
  7. bridge to declare in the auction before play how many tricks one expects to make
  8. bid defiance to resist boldly
  9. bid fair to seem probable
noun
    1. an offer of a specified amount, as at an auction
    2. the price offered
  1. commerce
    1. a statement by a buyer, in response to an offer by a seller, of the more favourable terms that would be acceptable
    2. the price or other terms so stated
  2. an attempt, esp an attempt to attain power
  3. bridge
    1. the number of tricks a player undertakes to make
    2. a player's turn to make a bid
  4. short for bid price
See also bid in, bid up
Derived Formsbidder, noun

Word Origin

Old English biddan; related to German bitten

b.i.d.

abbreviation for (in prescriptions)
  1. bis in die

Word Origin

Latin: twice a day

bide

verb bides, biding, bided, bode or bided
  1. (intr) archaic, or dialect to continue in a certain place or state; stay
  2. (intr) archaic, or dialect to live; dwell
  3. (tr) archaic, or dialect to tolerate; endure
  4. bide a wee Scot to stay a little
  5. bide by Scot to abide by
  6. bide one's time to wait patiently for an opportunity
Often shortened to: (Scot) byde

Word Origin

Old English bīdan; related to Old Norse bītha to wait, Gothic beidan, Old High German bītan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bid

v.

probably a merger of two old words: The sense in bid farewell is from Old English biddan "to ask, entreat, pray, beseech; order; beg" (class V strong verb, past tense bæd, past participle beden), from Proto-Germanic *bidjan "to pray, entreat" (cf. German bitten "to ask," attested from 8c.), which, according to Kluge and Watkins is from a PIE root *gwhedh- "to ask, pray" (see bead (n.)).

To bid at an auction, meanwhile, is from Old English beodan "offer, proclaim" (class II strong verb; past tense bead, p.p. boden), from Proto-Germanic *biudanan "to stretch out, reach out, offer, present," (cf. German bieten "to offer"), from PIE root *bh(e)udh- "to be aware, make aware" (cf. Sanskrit bodhati "is awake, is watchful, observes," buddhah "awakened, enlightened;" Old Church Slavonic bljudo "to observe;" Lithuanian budeti "to be awake;" Old Irish buide "contentment, thanks"). As a noun, 1788, from the verb.

bide

v.

Old English bidan "to stay, continue, live, remain," also "to trust, rely" (cognate with Old Norse biða, Old Saxon bidan, Old Frisian bidia, Middle Dutch biden, Old High German bitan, Gothic beidan "to wait"), apparently from PIE *bheidh-, an extended stem of one root of Old English biddan (see bid (v.)), the original sense of which was "to command," and "to trust" (cf. Greek peithein "to persuade," pistis "faith;" Latin fidere "to trust," foedus "compact, treaty," Old Church Slavonic beda "need"). Perhaps the sense evolved in prehistoric times through "endure," and "endure a wait," to "to wait." Preserved in Scotland and northern England, replaced elsewhere by abide in all senses except to bide one's time. Related: Bided; biding.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

bid in Medicine

b.i.d.

abbr.
  1. bis in die (twice a day)
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

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