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bison

[bahy-suh n, -zuh n]
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noun, plural bi·son.
  1. Also called American bison, American buffalo. a North American, oxlike ruminant, Bison bison, having a large head and high, humped shoulders: formerly common in North America, its small remaining population in isolated western areas of the U.S. and Canada is now protected.
  2. Also called wisent. a related animal, Bison bonasus, of Europe, less shaggy and slightly larger than the American bison: now greatly reduced in number.
Compare buffalo.

Origin of bison

1350–1400; Middle English bisontes (plural) < Latin (nominative singular bisōn) < Germanic; compare Old High German wisunt, Old English wesend, Old Norse visundr
Related formsbi·son·tine [bahy-suh n-tahyn, -zuh n-] /ˈbaɪ sənˌtaɪn, -zən-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for bison

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Harold came round the corner like a bison pursued by Indians.

    The Golden Age

    Kenneth Grahame

  • "Well, I should say so," murmured Bison Billiam, a bit amazed at all this ceremony.

  • Bison Billiam was made the permanent arbitrator of the wing question.

  • "It won't do; it won't do at all," said Bison Billiam, in a tone almost of discouragement.

  • "I'll be back in the morning," said Bison Billiam as he mounted his horse.


British Dictionary definitions for bison

bison

noun plural -son
  1. Also called: American bison, buffalo a member of the cattle tribe, Bison bison, formerly widely distributed over the prairies of W North America but now confined to reserves and parks, with a massive head, shaggy forequarters, and a humped back
  2. Also called: wisent, European bison a closely related and similar animal, Bison bonasus, formerly widespread in Europe

Word Origin

C14: from Latin bisōn, of Germanic origin; related to Old English wesand, Old Norse vīsundr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bison

n.

c.1600, from French bison (15c.), from Latin bison "wild ox," borrowed from Proto-Germanic *wisand- "aurochs" (cf. Old Norse visundr, Old High German wisunt "bison," Old English/Middle English wesend, which is not attested after c.1400). Possibly ultimately of Baltic or Slavic origin, and meaning "the stinking animal," in reference to its scent while rutting (see weasel). A European wild ox formerly widespread on the continent, including the British Isles, now surviving on forest reserves in Lithuania. Applied 1690s to the North American species commonly mis-called a buffalo.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper