- a military encampment made with tents or improvised shelters, usually without shelter or protection from enemy fire.
- the place used for such an encampment.
- to rest or assemble in such an area; encamp.
Origin of bivouac
Examples from the Web for bivouac
Ascended a red-topped peak close to our bivouac and got a view ahead.
Continuing westerly for about ten miles, we reached the water, our bivouac on the 22nd.
On a day late in October our company were in bivouac after some hard night-riding.The Cavalier
George Washington Cable
The occupants of this bivouac had turned in, and the lights had been doused.Captain Brand of the "Centipede"</p>
H. A. (Henry Augustus) Wise
The bivouac was in the neighborhood of the Ground Squirrel bridge.Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman
J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
- a temporary encampment with few facilities, as used by soldiers, mountaineers, etc
- (intr) to make such an encampment
Word Origin and History for bivouac
1702, from French bivouac (17c.), ultimately from Swiss/Alsatian biwacht "night guard," from bei- "double, additional" + wacht "guard" (see wait (v.)). Original meaning was an army that stayed up on night watch; sense of "outdoor camp" is 1853. Not a common word in English before the Napoleonic Wars. Italian bivacco is from French. As a verb, 1809, "to post troops in the night;" meaning "camp out of doors" is from 1814.