- a military encampment made with tents or improvised shelters, usually without shelter or protection from enemy fire.
- the place used for such an encampment.
- to rest or assemble in such an area; encamp.
Origin of bivouac
Examples from the Web for bivouacking
During this day they contented themselves with bivouacking there on the beach at the harbour.Anabasis
While bivouacking on the Hiawasse, a citizen named Trotter, came into camp.
I am writing this in the woods, where we are bivouacking for the night.
The fifth company was bivouacking at the very edge of the forest.War and Peace
For he learned that they were bivouacking on the Nile to see the sunrise.The Wave
- a temporary encampment with few facilities, as used by soldiers, mountaineers, etc
- (intr) to make such an encampment
Word Origin and History for bivouacking
1702, from French bivouac (17c.), ultimately from Swiss/Alsatian biwacht "night guard," from bei- "double, additional" + wacht "guard" (see wait (v.)). Original meaning was an army that stayed up on night watch; sense of "outdoor camp" is 1853. Not a common word in English before the Napoleonic Wars. Italian bivacco is from French. As a verb, 1809, "to post troops in the night;" meaning "camp out of doors" is from 1814.