- Russian History. a member of the old nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great made rank dependent on state service.
- a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
Also bo·yard [boh-yahrd, boi-erd] /boʊˈyɑrd, ˈbɔɪ ərd/.
Origin of boyar
1585–95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin, akin to OCS bolyarinŭ (translating Greek megistán man of high status), Bulgarian bolyár(in); of disputed orig.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for boyar
Upon the tale the boyar had brought him he offered now no comment.The Historical Nights Entertainment, Second Series
In the Bukowina every gentleman or proprietor of land is called Boyar.Austria
Their souls are like the soul of Yorga's mother, the boyar's daughter.Dust of New York
Here I am noble; I am boyar; the common people know me, and I am master.Dracula
Many a mercenary perished, but finally not a boyar remained alive.Roumanian Stories
- a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for boyar
member of a Russian aristocratic class (abolished by Peter the Great), 1590s, from Russian boyarin, perhaps from boji "struggle," or from Slavic root *bol- "great."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper