- Russian History. a member of the old nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great made rank dependent on state service.
- a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
Also bo·yard [boh-yahrd, boi-erd] /boʊˈyɑrd, ˈbɔɪ ərd/.
Origin of boyar
1585–95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin, akin to OCS bolyarinŭ (translating Greek megistán man of high status), Bulgarian bolyár(in); of disputed orig.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for boyard
Mangou gave the boyard his life, but the Mother of Russian Cities was sacked.The Story of Russia
R. Van Bergen, M.A.
You see I am right in saying that the Boyard will have his joke.
From this room a doorway leads to the private room of the boyard.
The astonishment of the boyard was great He attempted to speak.
I fell to the share of a Boyard who made me his gardener, and gave me twenty lashes a day.Candide
- a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for boyard
member of a Russian aristocratic class (abolished by Peter the Great), 1590s, from Russian boyarin, perhaps from boji "struggle," or from Slavic root *bol- "great."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper